Hormonal Imbalance

The precise balance of hormones in a man’s body determines the success of the male reproductive system. Male infertility can result if the body doesn’t produce enough testosterone or gonadotropins, which includes follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).

The conditions described below are connected to hormonal imbalances:

Glandular Conditions

Hormonal problems primarily can be traced back to either the primary glands that produce the hormones or the glands that the hormones target:

  • Hypothalamus
  • Thyroid
  • Pituitary
  • Prostate
  • Testes

If one of these glands malfunctions, this can cause problems in sperm production or quality.


Low sperm counts, sperm abnormalities and male infertility may be caused by hormonal problems, anatomical problems, immunological problems or even environmental factors.

The following are sperm-related abnormalities:

  • Azoospermia: There are no sperm in the semen. In some cases, sperm is produced in the testes, but there is an obstruction or malfunction that prevents the sperm from being ejaculated.
  • Oligospermia: There are a low number of sperm in the semen. Also known as low sperm count.
  • Asthenospermia: Sperm have poor or low motility that impede their ability to swim well enough to reach the egg.
  • Teratozoospermia: Sperm are misshapen in a way that limits their ability to fertilize the egg.

Sometimes genetic abnormalities can reduce sperm production. Sperm can also be affected by the immune system. Certain men may have immune systems that attack their own sperm.

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