Sperm are stored in the epididymis where they undergo the final maturation process. If infected with certain bacteria, the epididymis can become a hostile environment for the sperm.


The most obvious signs of epididymitis are a red or swollen scrotum, and/or testicle pain and tenderness.


Many pathogens can cause epididymitis, including those that cause sexually transmitted infections (STIs).


The treatment for acute epididymitis includes antibiotic therapy, bed rest, scrotal support, and oral anti-inflammatory drugs. Restriction of strenuous activity is also important. Chronic epididymitis is more of a problem because its symptoms may persist even after the initial treatment. In these cases a second round of therapy may be helpful. Surgical treatment for chronic epididymitis is sometimes necessary.

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